What Was the Purpose of the Gallipoli Campaign? What were the reasons for the gallipoli campaign?
Though unable to advance, the Allies maintained their positions on the beaches of the Dardanelles peninsula for almost eight months. And in December, Turkey began an assault into Russia's Caucasus Mountains. Dig-in and defend order was given instead. The Gallipoli campaign took place between April and December 1915 in an effort to take the Dardanelles from the Turkish Ottoman Empire (an ally of Germany and Austria) and thus force it out of the war. Long called the “sick man of Europe,” the Ottoman Empire had suffered one military defeat after another in the lead-up to World War I.
The Ottomans did not formally enter World War I until late October, when their fleet entered the Black Sea and shelled Russian ports there. By : EpicResearchers The Allies wanted capture the Dardanelles and then Istanbul. This World War I website is created and maintained by Alpha History.
Here I balked; to become analytical might lead to doubt of the cause for which we were fighting; for this had been called, in those early years, the 'war to end war'. In June 1915 the battle again intensified and after the bloody Zigindere Battles which began on the 28th June continued for eight days. Peter Hart. An alliance with the Ottoman sultanate would help secure this Berlin-to-Baghdad railway. The Allied landing on Gallipoli, which took place on April 25, 1915, met with a fierce Turkish defense inspired by … Ottoman forces, though still thinly spread and poorly equipped, were well prepared. © HistoryOnTheNet 2000-2019. In contrast, the defence of Gallipoli was the Ottoman Empire’s most successful military operation of the war. Ottoman power was dwindling, however, due to internal problems and rising nationalist movements in their empire. Since the majority of the 27th Regiment which arrived from Aleppo (Halep) was composed of aged soldiers, the action on the southern flank did not develop as hoped. It would also provide land access to northern Africa and the Middle East.
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This was the biggest failure of Churchill and of the Allies of course, they underestimated the military skills of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his brave soldiers. These forces were to be split into two groups, the first group was to seize the Seddulbahir area and open the Straits whilst the second was to land in the Kabatepe region, seize the Conkbayir area and obstruct the Turkish Forces moving down from the north. Infoplease is a reference and learning site, combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with facts. Over 33.000 allied and 86.000 Turkish troops died in the eight month Gallipoli campaign which achieved none of its objectives. The objective here was a broad four-mile stretch of flat coastline – but when the mission began before dawn on April 25th, the boats became disoriented in the pitch-black night and landed a mile north of their target.
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